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The 99% sober movement: should we keep dry January going all year?

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If you are halfway through dry January and counting the days until you can drink again, the latest news from Canada might make you rethink. Its new alcohol guidelines suggest people drink no more than two alcoholic drinks a week. Two small glasses of wine or a pint and a half of beer a week is what is considered by Canadian health experts as low-risk – a sharp drop from the previous guidelines of no more than 10 drinks a week for women and 15 for men – while no alcohol at all is the only safe limit.

In the UK, our limits are more generous, though the direction they are going in is towards Canada’s. When they were last updated in 2016, the upper limit for both men and women was set at 14 units: the equivalent of seven pints of lower-strength beer or nine small (125ml) glasses of wine. Previously, men had been advised to stay below 21 units a week. The UK’s chief medical officers also made it clear that “there is no level of regular drinking that can be considered as completely safe”.

Should we, then, be following Canada’s lead and cutting the upper limit drastically? A spokesperson for the Department of Health and Social Care says there are “no current plans to update the alcohol limit guidelines”.

However, Richard Piper, the chief executive of Alcohol Change, a charity that campaigns to reduce alcohol harm, says: “There are some elements of the Canadian guidelines we should definitely copy. The first is the clear statement that the less you drink the better, from a health point of view. The second thing that I think is incredibly helpful is they’ve presented a scale.” It shows, he says, “increasing risk as you drink more, in a stepped approach”.

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https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/1f14e9d024d5b13244b093737d68d7fa5cc5b732/0_247_8000_4803/master/8000.jpg?width=620&quality=85&dpr=1&s=none‘I don’t think we should shy away from the fact that there is no safe limit.’ Photograph: Brian A Jackson/Getty Images/iStockphoto

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Click the link below for the article:

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2023/jan/19/the-99-sober-movement-should-we-keep-dry-january-going-all-year?utm_source=pocket_discover_health

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Honoring the Rule of Reciprocation

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In his book, Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion, Robert Cialdini makes reference to what he considers to be one of the most important yet often unrecognized factors inherent in the art and practice of influence and persuasion, two highly significant aspects of effective communications. Whether we are involved in personal relations, business transactions, politics, sales, education, or any other domain that deals with just about any type of interpersonal transaction, our ability to influence the perspective of others is critical to the fulfillment of our goals and intentions.

Lest we forget, there is a profound difference between “control,” which has to do with having domination or authority over another, and “influence” which has to do with the power to sway or affect change in another’s perspective or behavior. Efforts to control frequently result in outcomes that differ from or may even be the opposite of our intended desires, since most of us have a natural tendency to resist overt efforts from others to control our behavior or beliefs.

Exploring the rule of reciprocation

In his book, Cialdini makes reference to what he refers to as the “rule of reciprocation” which has to do with the universal tendency in human beings to feel compelled to repay or reciprocate when given a gift whether it has come in the form of a material object, a kind deed, or an act of generosity. There is a strong impulse in people from all cultures to repay gifts or favors with a gift of our own to them. This impulse expresses itself in reciprocation to invitations to parties, Christmas cards, birthday presents, or acts of kindness.

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Rule of Reciprocation

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Click the link below for the article:

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/stronger-the-broken-places/201510/honoring-the-rule-reciprocation

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How to Sleep: Try Japan’s Kaizen Method to Cure Insomnia and Sleep Anxiety

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Getting a good night’s sleep is absolutely essential for our mental and physical health.

Rather than being a time when the body completely shuts down, as is sometimes said, it is actually an active time when your body repairs cells, processes information, and strengthens itself. Many of the exact ways in which this happens are still a mystery to scientists, but they all resolutely emphasize its importance for good health and well-being.

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https://pocket-syndicated-images.s3.amazonaws.com/613fdaaf4db2a.jpgPhotos by Getty, Unsplash / Lead image design: Alessia Armenise

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Click the link below for the article:

https://getpocket.com/explore/item/how-to-sleep-try-japan-s-kaizen-method-to-cure-insomnia-and-sleep-anxiety

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The last quarter…

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Most of us are now in the last quarter of our life and should read this interesting piece of advice

This is one of the nicest and most gentle articles I’ve read in a while: no politics, no religion and no racial issues – just food for thought.

You know …… time has a way of moving quickly and catching you unaware of the passing years.

It seems just yesterday that I was young and embarking on my new life. Yet in a way, it seems like eons ago, and I wonder where all the years went.

I know that I lived them all.

I have glimpses of how it was back then and of all my hopes and dreams.

However, here it is …… the last quarter of my life and it catches me by surprise.

How did I get here so fast?

Where did the years go and where did my youth go?

I remember well seeing older people through the years and thinking that those older people were years away from me and that I was only on the first quarter and that the fourth quarter was so far off that I could not visualise it or imagine fully what it would be like.

Yet, here it is …… my friends are retired and getting grey – they move slower and I see an older person now. Some are in better and some worse shape than me but I see the great change. They’re not like the ones that I remember who were young and vibrant …… but like me, their age is beginning to show and we are now those older folks that we used to see and never thought we’d become.

Each day now, I find that just getting a shower is a real target for the day! and taking a nap is not a treat anymore, it’s mandatory! because if I don’t of my own free will, I fall asleep where I sit!

And so …… now I enter into this new season of my life unprepared for all the aches and pains and the loss of strength and ability to go and do things that I wish I had done but never did! But at least I know that, though I’m on the last quarter and I’m not sure how long it will last, that when it’s over on this earth… it’s over.

A new adventure will begin!

Yes, I have regrets. There are things I wish I hadn’t done …… things I should have done but truely there are many things I’m happy to have done.

It’s all in a lifetime.

So, if you’re not on the last quarter yet, let me remind you that it will be here faster than you think. So, whatever you would like to accomplish in your life do it quickly!

Don’t put things off too long! Life goes by so quickly.

So, do what you can today, as you can never be sure whether you’re on the last quarter or not!

You have no promise that you will see all the seasons of life…. so, live for today and say all the things that you want your loved ones to remember – and hope that they appreciate and love you for all the things that you have done for them in all the years past!

‘Life’ is a gift to you.

Be Happy!

Have a great day!

Remember, it is health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver.

You may think;

Going out is good – but coming home is better!

You forget names – but it’s okay because some people forgot they even knew you!

You realize you’re never going to be really good at anything like golf – but you like the outdoors!

The things you used to care to do, you aren’t as interested in anymore – but you really don’t care that you aren’t as interested.

You sleep better on a lounge chair with the TV on than in bed – you call it ‘pre-sleep’!

You miss the days when everything worked with just an ‘On’ and ‘Off’ switch!

You tend to use more 4 letter words – ‘what’ and ‘when’

You have lots of clothes in your wardrobe, more than half of which you will never wear – but just in case!

Old is good –

  • Old is comfortable
  • Old is safe
  • Old songs
  • Old movies
  • …… and best of all,
  • Friends of old!

So, stay well, ‘Old friend!’

Have a fantastic day!

Have an awesome quarter – whichever one you’re in!

Take care

Send this on to other “Old Friends!” and let them smile in agreement.

It’s not what you gather but what you scatter that tells what kind of life you have lived…

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God Made It So

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And on the 8th day, God created seniors. Most seniors never get enough exercise. In His wisdom, God decreed that seniors become forgetful so they would have to search for their eyeglasses, keys, and other things, thus doing more walking. And God looked down and saw that it was good.

Then God saw there was another need. In His wisdom He made seniors lose coordination so they would drop things, requiring them to bend, reach, and stretch more. And God looked down and saw that it was good.

Then God considered the function of bladders and decided seniors would have additional calls of nature, requiring more trips to the bathroom, thus providing more exercise. God looked down and saw that it was good.

So if you find, as you age, you are getting up and down a lot more times, remember it’s God’s will. It is all in your best interest even though you mutter under your breath.

Nine Important Facts to Remember as We Grow Older:

#9 Death is the number 1 killer in the world.

#8 Life is sexually transmitted.

#7 Good health is merely the slowest possible rate at which one can die.

#6 Men have two motivations: hunger and sex, and they can’t tell them apart. If you see a gleam in his eyes, make him a sandwich.

#5 Give a person a fish and you feed them for a day. Teach a person to use the Internet and they won’t bother you for weeks, months, maybe they won’t bother you for years.

#4 Health nuts are going to feel stupid someday, lying in the hospital, dying of nothing.

#3 All of us could take a lesson from the weather. It pays no attention to criticism.

#2 In the 60’s, people took LSD to make the world weird. Now the world is weird, and people take Prozac to make it normal.

#1 Life is like a jar of jalapeno peppers. What you do today may be a burning issue tomorrow.

Please share this wisdom with others; I would do it now but I need to go to the bathroom.

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Overcoming the Gendered Pain Gap

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Chronic pain—defined as pain that lasts more than three months—can be debilitating and all-consuming, affecting both physical and mental health. It shapes a person’s reality. And yet many, especially women, who describe their chronic pain as such find themselves being dismissed as overly dramatic.

According to psychologist Jennifer Patterson, “pain is sexist,” with more women than men experiencing chronic pain. Moreover, women’s pain, especially when chronic, isn’t taken as seriously as that experienced by men.

Restricting our consideration of chronic pain to just its clinical aspects overshadows the impact it has on women’s daily lives. “[H]ow we think and talk about pain is influenced by general cultural beliefs,” Patterson writes. Both medical and cultural contexts “generate layers of meanings that intersect with those of individuals’ patient and personal identities (and roles) through the national, individual, local and familial cultures of which each person is formed.”

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https://daily.jstor.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/overcoming_the_gendered_pain_gap_1050x700.jpg

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Click the link below for the article:

Overcoming the Gendered Pain Gap

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How India’s caste system limits diversity in science — in six charts

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Samadhan is an outlier in his home village in western India. Last year, he became the first person from there to start a science Ph.D. Samadhan, a student in Maharashtra state, is an Adivasi or indigenous person — a member of one of the most marginalized and poorest communities in India.

For that reason, he doesn’t want to publicize his last name or institution, partly because he fears that doing so would bring his social status to the attention of a wider group of Indian scientists. “They’d know that I am from a lower category and will think that I have progressed because of [the] quota,” he says.

The quota Samadhan refers to is also known as a reservation policy: a form of affirmative action that was written into India’s constitution in 1950. Reservation policies aimed to uplift marginalized communities by allocating quotas for them in public-sector jobs and in education. Mirroring India’s caste system of social hierarchy, the most privileged castes dominated white-collar professions, including roles in science and technology. After many years, the Indian government settled on a 7.5% quota for Adivasis (referred to as ‘Scheduled Tribes’ in official records) and a 15% quota for another marginalized group, the Dalits (referred to in government records as ‘Scheduled Castes’, and formerly known by the dehumanizing term ‘untouchables’). These quotas — which apply to almost all Indian research institutes — roughly correspond to these communities’ representation in the population, according to the most recent census of 2011.

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Illustration by Polygon8

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Click the link below for the article:

https://www.nature.com/immersive/d41586-023-00015-2/index.html?utm_source=pocket_discover_science

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Could humans use black holes to time travel?

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Black holes form natural time machines that allow travel to both the past and the future. But don’t expect to be heading back to visit the dinosaurs any time soon.

At present, we don’t have spacecraft that could get us anywhere near a black hole. But, even leaving that small detail aside, attempting to travel into the past using a black hole might be the last thing you ever do.

A black hole is an extremely massive object that is typically formed when a dying star collapses in on itself.Like planets and stars, black holes have gravitational fields around them. A gravitational field is what keeps us stuck to Earth, and what keeps Earth revolving around the Sun.

As a rule of thumb, the more massive an object is, the stronger its gravitational field.

Earth’s gravitational field makes it extremely difficult to get to space. That’s why we build rockets: we have to travel very fast to break out of Earth’s gravity.

 

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https://cdn.mos.cms.futurecdn.net/8KhN9AY3JNyLzFWJuKRkNb-970-80.jpg.webpAn artist’s illustration of a black hole. (Image credit: solars even via Getty Images)

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Click the link below for the article:

https://www.livescience.com/are-black-holes-time-machines-yes-but-theres-a-catch?utm_source=pocket_discover_science

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100 Ways to Slightly Improve Your Life Without Really Trying

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The First Five:

1 Exercise on a Monday night (nothing fun happens on a Monday night).

2 On the fence about a purchase? Wait 72 hours before you buy it.

3 Tip: the quickest supermarket queue is always behind the fullest trolley (greeting, paying and packing take longer than you think).

4 Bring fruit to work. Bring fruit to bed!

5 Consider going down to four days a week. It’s likely a disproportionate amount of your fifth day’s work is taxed anyway,

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https://pocket-syndicated-images.s3.amazonaws.com/61fb58cc3d1fb.jpgPhoto by Malte Mueller/Getty Images

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Click the link below for the article:

https://getpocket.com/explore/item/100-ways-to-slightly-improve-your-life-without-really-trying?utm_source=pocket-newtab

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Astronauts Will Share a Painfully Cramped Space Aboard Future Lunar Space Station

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Architects designing the living space for the upcoming lunar Gateway did their best to make it comfortable for astronauts, but technical constraints forced them to create a tiny, noisy corridor with no windows and barely enough room to stand upright.

The European-built international habitat, or I-Hab, is meant to provide living quarters for astronauts on board the Lunar Gateway, a future outpost that will orbit the Moon. The purpose of Gateway, a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency, and other international partners, is to provide a place for astronauts to conduct science in lunar orbit and to transfer from one spacecraft to another, such as a lunar lander. But an architect involved in I-Hab’s design recently revealed the claustrophobic conditions for the orbital habitat that’s supposed to house up to four astronauts for around 90 days at a time.

During the Czech Space Week conference in Brno, Czechia (the country formerly known as the Czech Republic), René Waclavicek, a space architect and design researcher at Austria-based LIQUIFER Space Systems, stated that the Lunar Gateway will be roughly one-sixth of the size of the International Space Station (ISS), Space.com reported. Waclavicek, who was involved in I-Hab’s design, said that the architects behind the lunar living quarters were constrained by the amount of material that can be transported to the Moon, requiring them to make some sacrifices.

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https://i.kinja-img.com/gawker-media/image/upload/c_fit,f_auto,g_center,pg_1,q_60,w_965/8fa48d7ce42511e2f3690469cc62b45c.pngAn illustration of the lunar gateway in orbit around the Moon.

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Click the link below for the article:

https://gizmodo.com/lunar-gateway-space-station-tiny-habitation-module-1849966592?utm_source=pocket_discover_science

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