Nairobi City Kenya


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Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The name comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyorobi, which translates to “place of cool waters”, a reference to the Nairobi River which flows through the city. The city proper had a population of 4,397,073 in the 2019 census, while the metropolitan area has a population of 9,354,580. The city is popularly referred to as the Green City in the Sun.

Nairobi was founded in 1899 by the colonial authorities in British East Africa, as a rail depot on the Uganda – Kenya Railway. The town quickly grew to replace Mombasa as the capital of Kenya in 1907. After independence in 1963, Nairobi became the capital of the Republic of Kenya. During Kenya’s colonial period, the city became a center for the colony’s coffee, tea, and sisal industry. The city lies in the south-central part of Kenya, at an elevation of 1,795 meters (5,889 ft).

According to the 2019 census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 4,397,073 inhabitants lived within 696 km2 (269 sq mi).

Nairobi is home of the Kenyan Parliament Buildings and hosts thousands of Kenyan businesses and over 100 major international companies and organizations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) and the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON). Nairobi is an established hub for business and culture. The Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) is one of the largest in Africa and the second-oldest exchange on the continent. It is Africa’s fourth-largest exchange in terms of trading volume, capable of making 10 million trades a day. It also has the Nairobi National Park with a large game reserve. Nairobi is currently under the Nairobi Metropolitan Service. Nairobi joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities in 2016.

Nairobi is found within the Greater Nairobi Metropolitan region, which consists of 5 out of 47 counties in Kenya, which generates about 60% of the entire nation’s GDP. The counties are: The site of Nairobi was originally part of an uninhabited swamp. The name Nairobi itself comes from the Maasai expression meaning “cool waters”, referring to the cold water stream which flowed through the area. With the arrival of the Uganda Railway, the site was identified by Sir George Whitehouse for a store depot, shunting ground, and camping ground for the Indian laborers working on the railway. Whitehouse, chief engineer of the railway, favored the site as an ideal resting place due to its high elevation, temperate climate, adequate water supply, and being situated before the steep ascent of the Limuru escarpments. His choice was however criticized by officials within the Protectorate government who felt the site was too flat, poorly drained, and relatively infertile. Wikipedia


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Nairobi City Kenya – Bing images



5 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. olivia2010kroth
    Jul 24, 2022 @ 05:41:20

    I visited Kenya once and went to Nairobi. Such an impressive and lively city! Thank you for this article, James.

    Liked by 1 person


    • Mohenjo
      Jul 25, 2022 @ 08:47:55

      You are most welcome, a lot of people don’t know Africa has thriving cities!

      Liked by 1 person


      • olivia2010kroth
        Jul 25, 2022 @ 17:03:56

        Well, Nairobi certainly is a thriving city, so it seemed to me. I went to Kenya with a safari tour. I had a wonderful time, watching the wildlife. We went to Nairobi only for one day. It was not much but enough to get an impression of this lively city. I loved it.

        Liked by 1 person

      • Mohenjo
        Jul 25, 2022 @ 19:08:32

        I hope I can make it there someday, thanks!

        Liked by 1 person

  2. olivia2010kroth
    Jul 25, 2022 @ 19:09:56

    You are most welcome, James. You live in Nigeria, am I right?

    Liked by 1 person


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